GSM Full Form – What is the full form of GSM?

GSM Full Form: Global System for Mobiles, Below you can see the features of the Global Mobile Communication System (GSM Full Form), reflecting its popularity and widespread acceptance. International roaming, high-quality speech, support for new services, improved spectrum capacity, low-cost mobile sets and base stations (BS).

  • GSM Full Form in English: Global System for Mobiles
  • Category: Academic & Science » Units
  • GSM Full Form in Hindi: मोबाइल के लिए ग्लोबल सिस्टम
  • GSM Full Form in Marathi: मोबाईलसाठी ग्लोबल सिस्टम

What is the full form of GSM?

The full form of GSM is “Global System for Mobile communication”, friends GSM is considered to be a global system for mobile communication of 2G network.

GSM is a Second Generation Mobile System and is based on Digital Transmission, as you know GSM communication is a very popular network today, this technology was first launched in Finland in December 1991. GSM was created by Europeans, today GSM service is providing in 213 countries, friends all over the world about 2 billion mobile users are using GSM service. and GSM service is most used in China, 370 Million mobile users in China are using GSM Service, and Russia is using GSM Service at number two, 145 Million users are using it in Russia and number three is India where 83 Million mobile users use it. Is doing.

What is GSM ?

The full name of GSM for mobile communication is Global System. This is a second-generation (2G) standard for mobile networks. It is a digital cellular technology used to transmit mobile voice and data services. Mobile voice and data services operate on the 850 MHz, 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, and 1800 MHz frequency bands. This concept was propose in Bell laboratories in the 1970s. GSM was develope as a digital system using several access techniques for time division. GSM was after the first circuit switching network. It implemented packet switching followed by GPRS. It is currently use by 70% of the world’s people.

GSM can carry data rates from 64 kbps to 120 Mbps. It is also available for services ranging from general service to advance services like: – By roaming we can use our GSM phone number in other networks. We can take advantage of GPRS and SMS services and use the Customer Identification Module (SIM) to identify phone numbers. In a GSM phone, we can remove one SIM card and insert another SIM. In this, the data is compresse and sent through channels.

What does GSM mean?

GSM stands for Global System for Mobile Communications. This is a standard develope by the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) to describe the protocol for second-generation (2G) digital cellular networks. This was a replacement for the first-generation (1G) cellular network. The idea for the development of GSM originated in the early 1970s with a cell-based mobile radio system in Bell laboratories.
GSM is an open, digital cellular radio network operating in over 200 countries worldwide. It uses narrowband time division multiple access (TDMA) technology. It is growing almost entirely in Western Europe and the Americas and Asia. Not only is it use for voice calls, but it can also be use for data computing and text messaging. The user can connect his GSM-enabled phone to his laptop for sending, receiving, faxing, browsing the internet, checking security, etc.

Early development

GSM was first developed in the 1970s by a battery-based radio system at Bell Laboratories. This digital cellular radio network operates in more than 200 countries worldwide. It uses the Narrowband Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA) technology. Users can send, receive, fax, browse the Internet, Can connect your GSM Compatible phone to your laptop for security check, etc.

The GSM Standard operates on three different frequencies as follows:

900 MHz: Used by the original GSM.
1800 MHz: It was used to support a growing number of customers.
1900 MHz: It is mainly used in America.

GSM Full Form in Communication

GSM Meaning (Technology)

The Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM), originally Groupe Spécial Mobile (GSM), is a digital cellular technology used to transmit mobile voice and data services.

GSM Full Form in Job Titles

GSM Meaning (Business)

The General Sales Manager (GSM) is responsible for managing the sales department.

GSM Full Form in Military

GSM Meaning (Governmental)

Garrison Sergeant Major (GSM) is a senior warrant officer of a garrison in the British Army.

GSM Full Form in Postal Codes

GSM Meaning (Regional)

Għajnsielem (Postal Code: GSM) is a municipality on the south-east coast of the island of Gojo in Malta.

GSM Full Form in Journals & Publications

GSM Meaning (News & Entertainment)

Graduate Studies in Mathematics (GSM) is a series of undergraduate textbooks in mathematics published by the American Mathematical Society (AMS).

GSM Full Form in Airport Codes

GSM Meaning (Transport & Travel)

Kesham International Airport (IATA code: GSM, ICAO: OIKQ) is an international airport located in Dayarestan, Iran.

GSM Full Form in Airline Codes

GSM Meaning (Transport & Travel

Flyglospasan (IATA: Y2, ICAO: GSM, Callsign: GLOBESPAN) was a low cost airline based in Edinburgh, United Kingdom.

GSM Full Form in Religion & Spirituality

GSM Meaning (Society & Culture)

St. Mary the Great or Great St. Mary (GSM) is a church in England and Central Cambridge is a university church located at the northern end of the King’s Parade in England.

GSM Full Form in Companies & Corporations

GSM Meaning (Business)

Glassport Motor Company (GSM) was a motor manufacturer based in Cape Town, South Africa.

GSM Full Form in Architecture & Constructions

GSM Meaning (Academic & Science)

Galvanized sheet metal (GSM) is a metal product with a protective zinc coating to prevent corrosion.

GSM history

  • So far we have read G.S.M kya hai and its advantages and disadvantages, now let us read its history, which is as follows: –
  • 1982: – A G.S.M group was formed to raise the standard of the Pan-European cellular mobile system.
  • 1985: – The list of recommendations given by this group was accepted.
  • 1986: – Field tests were done to choose the best technology from the list.
  • 1987: – TDMA (time division multiple access) was chosen as the access method.
  • 1988: – GSM system validated.
  • 1989: – ETSI (European Telecommunication Standards Institute) is given the responsibility of managing GSM standards.
  • 1990: – Phase 1 of G.SM released.
  • 1991: – G.SM service launched commercially.
  • 1993: – G.SM services launched outside Europe.
  • 1995: – Phase 2 was also released.
  • 2004: – Subscribed by 10 million people.

Advantage of GSM

  • GSM mobile phones and modems are available all over the world.
  • It is very cheap i.e. it has cheap call rates, a free messaging facility, and a limited free calls plan.
  • It has a better-calling quality and is more secure than CDMA.
  • Battery power consumption in its mobiles is very low.
  • It has a lot of value-added services like – GPRS, SMS, etc.
  • With tri-based GSM we can use our phone anywhere in the world.
  • It can be used with ISDN (integrated services digital network) and other services.
  • It has an international roaming facility.
  • Its network is very easy to maintain.
  • It has very good internet speed.
  • The phone runs through SIM cards and we can use different SIM cards.

Disadvantage of GSM

  • Its roaming charge is higher than CDMA.
  • It can tamper with the call made by mobile.
  • If SIM is lost then data present in it (such as – number, message, etc.) can also be lost if we have not saved our data on the phone.
  • GSM-based mobile should not be used in airplanes, petrol pumps, and hospitals as it uses pulse-based burst transmission technology.

GSM Meaning in various Indian Languages

GSM meaning in Arabicالنظام العالمي للأجهزة الخلوية
GSM meaning in Bengaliমোবাইলগুলির জন্য গ্লোবাল সিস্টেম
GSM meaning in EnglishGlobal System for Mobiles
GSM meaning in Gujaratiમોબાઇલ માટે ગ્લોબલ સિસ્ટમ
GSM meaning in Hindiमोबाइल के लिए ग्लोबल सिस्टम
GSM meaning in Kannadaಮೊಬೈಲ್ಗಳಿಗಾಗಿ ಜಾಗತಿಕ ವ್ಯವಸ್ಥೆ
GSM meaning in Malayalamമൊബൈലുകൾക്കായുള്ള ആഗോള സിസ്റ്റം
GSM meaning in Marathiमोबाईलसाठी ग्लोबल सिस्टम
GSM meaning in Nepaliमोबाईलहरूको लागि ग्लोबल प्रणाली
GSM meaning in Punjabiਮੋਬਾਈਲਜ਼ ਲਈ ਗਲੋਬਲ ਸਿਸਟਮ
GSM meaning in Sindhiموبائيل لاءِ گلوبل سسٽم
GSM meaning in Tamilமொபைல்களுக்கான உலகளாவிய அமைப்பு
GSM meaning in Teluguమొబైల్ కోసం గ్లోబల్ సిస్టమ్
GSM meaning in Urduموبائلوں کے لئے عالمی نظام

Symptoms of GSM

  • For signal transmission, GSM is using narrow TDMA (Time Division Multiple Access) methods.
  • GSM is a circuit-switching program that works by dividing each 200 kHz channel into eight 25 kHz time-slots.
  • In most regions of the world, GSM operates on mobile communication bands with frequencies of 900 MHz and 1800 MHz.

Does the Global Mobile Communication System Work?

GSM is the name of a standardization group established in 1982 to create a general European mobile telephone standard. GSM is the most widely accepted standard in telecommunications and applies globally. and GSM is a circuit-switched system that divides each 200 kHz channel into eight 25 kHz time-slots. The GSM mobile communication band operates at 900 MHz and 1800 MHz in most parts of the world. In the US, GSM operates in the 850 MHz and 1900 MHz bands. More than 70 percent of the world’s digital cellular customers have GSM.

GSM uses time division multiple access (TDMA) technology to transmit signals. GSM was developed using digital technology. It is capable of carrying data rates from 64 kbps to 120 Mbps. Currently, GSM supports over one billion mobile subscribers in over 210 countries worldwide. The Global Mobile Communication System (GSM Full Form) provides the foundation for advanced voice and data services, including roaming services. Another GSM network roaming has the ability to access your GSM phone number. GSM digitizes and compresses the data, then sends it through a channel along with two other streams of user data, each in its own time.

What are GSM features?

  • Spectrum efficiency has greatly improved in GSM.
  • A short message service has also been added inside GSM.
  • Inside GSM is better sound quality.
  • Can manage SIM’s phonebook.
  • GSM also supports many new services.

GSM Architecture

A GSM network has the following components:

A mobile station – This is a mobile phone that has transceivers, displays, and processors and is controlled by a SIM card working on the network.

Base station subsystem – It acts as an interface between the mobile station and the network subsystem. It has a base transceiver station with radio transceivers and handles protocols for communication with mobiles. It also has a base station controller that controls the base transceiver station and acts as an interface between the mobile station and the mobile switching center.

Network Subsystem – Provides basic network connections to mobile stations. The core of the network subsystem is the mobile service switching center which provides access to various networks like ISDN, PSTN, etc. It also includes the home location register and visitor location register which provides call routing and roaming capabilities of GSM. It also includes a device identification register that keeps an account of all the mobile devices in which each mobile is identified by its own IMEI number. IMEI stands for International Mobile Device Identification.

GSM Modem

A GSM modem is a device that can be either a mobile phone or a modem device that can be used to communicate to a computer or other processor on a network. A GSM modem requires a SIM card to be operated and operated from a network range subscribed by a network operator. It can be connected to the computer via serial, USB, or Bluetooth connection.

A GSM modem can also be a standard GSM mobile phone on your computer with a suitable cable and software driver to connect to a serial port or USB port. GSM modems are generally better for GSM mobile phones. The GSM modem has a wide range of applications in transaction terminals, supply chain management, security applications, weather stations, and GPRS mode remote data logging.

FAQ’S About GSM Full Form

Q. What is the use of GSM?

Ans. GSM makes use of the narrowband Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA) technique for transmitting signals. GSM was developed using digital technology. It has the ability to carry 64 kbps to 120 Mbps of data rates. Presently GSM supports more than one billion mobile subscribers in more than 210 countries throughout the world.

Q. What is GSM and 4G?

Ans. LTE (Long Term Evolution) is a 4G communication standard designed to be 10x faster than standard 3G. … GSM is a digital cellular technology used to transmit data and voice communication at a frequency range of 850MHz to 1900MHz. GSM technology uses a Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA) technique to transmit data.

Q. What is GSM number?

Ans. The GSM system uses TDMA to split a frequency into time slots. Probably the most useful thing to know about the Global System for Mobile communications (GSM) is that it is an international standard. If you travel in Europe and many other parts of the world, GSM is the only type of cellular service available.

Q. Why is GSM important?

Ans. The most obvious advantage of GSM is its widespread use throughout the world. According to, GSM has a harmonized spectrum, which means that even though different countries may operate on different frequency bands, users can transfer seamlessly between networks and keep the same number.

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